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Gunner of the 'train of artillery' in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, 1700-1716

Caption: Gunner of the 'train of artillery' in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, 1700-1716

Before the birth of the Royal Regiment of Artillery in 1722, British guns were crewed by a 'train of artillery'. Trains were raised at the beginning of each new campaign by the Board of Ordnance. The Ordnance department (which dated back to the 15th century) was a separate government department from the Army, and provided all British artillery and military engineers until 1855. The garrisons of British forts in Newfoundland and Nova Sotia included detachments of men from the train of artillery. These early gunners were unusual in one way - they wore red coats rather than the blue worn after 1722. Reconstruction by Gerald A. Embleton.