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Soldier of the British independent companies in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, between 1698 and 1717

Caption: Soldier of the British independent companies in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, between 1698 and 1717

This man wears the classic red coat of the British soldier, with green cuffs, the colour associated with the independent companies. He holds a flintlock musket fitted with a 'plug' bayonet. A sword completes his armament. Independent companies were used to guard places that were not important enough to warrant a regiment. In 1698, a company was formed for St. John's, Newfoundland, where it stayed until it was made prisoner during the 1709 French capture of St. John's. In 1713, four companies were raised to garrison Nova Scotia (formerly Acadia), and the next year four more were created for Newfoundland. Reconstruction by Gerald A. Embleton.